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tips:clojure:fibonacci

피보나치의 구현

단순 버젼

(defn fib [n]
  (if (< n 2) 
      n
      (+ (fib (dec n)) (fib (- n 2)))))
 
(fib 10)
;=> 55
 
(time (fib 37))
;>> "Elapsed time: 10946.491718 msecs"
;=> 24157817

시간 복잡도는 O(n^2)이다.

기억화된 단순 버젼

memorize를 통해 한 번 계산한 것은 저장하여 쓰면, 계산 속도가 빨라진다.

(defn fib [n]
  (if (< n 2) 
      n
      (+ (fib (dec n)) (fib (- n 2)))))
 
(def fib (memoize fib))
 
(time (fib 37))
;>> "Elapsed time: 0.058307 msecs"
;=> 24157817
 
(fib 50)
;>> "Elapsed time: 0.774006 msecs"
;=> 12586269025
 
(fib 100)
;>> ArithmeticException integer overflow

정수 오버플로우가 발생한다.

BigInt를 사용하는 기억화된 단순 버젼

(defn fib [n]
  (cond 
    (= n 0) 0N
    (= n 1) 1N
    :else (+ (fib (dec n)) (fib (- n 2)))))
 
(def fib (memoize fib))
 
(time (fib 100))
;>> "Elapsed time: 0.08705 msecs"
;=> 354224848179261915075N
 
(fib 1000)
;=> StackOverflowError 

스택 오버플로우가 발생한다.

lazy-seq을 이용한 피보나치

(defn fib1 [n]
 (nth ((fn f [a b] (cons a (lazy-seq (f b (+ b a))))) 0N 1N) n))
 
(time (fib 1000))
;>> "Elapsed time: 1.200634 msecs"
;=> 43466557686937456435688527675040625802564660517371780402481729089536555417949051890403879840079255169295922593080322634775209689623239873322471161642996440906533187938298969649928516003704476137795166849228875N
 
(time (fib 10000))
;>>"Elapsed time: 19.487308 msecs"
;=>> 33644764876431783266621612005107543310302148460680063906564769974680081442166662368155595513633734025582065332680836159373734790483865268263040892463056431887354544369559827491606602099884183933864652731300088830269235673613135117579297437854413752130520504347701602264758318906527890855154366159582987279682987510631200575428783453215515103870818298969791613127856265033195487140214287532698187962046936097879900350962302291026368131493195275630227837628441540360584402572114334961180023091208287046088923962328835461505776583271252546093591128203925285393434620904245248929403901706233888991085841065183173360437470737908552631764325733993712871937587746897479926305837065742830161637408969178426378624212835258112820516370298089332099905707920064367426202389783111470054074998459250360633560933883831923386783056136435351892133279732908133732642652633989763922723407882928177953580570993691049175470808931841056146322338217465637321248226383092103297701648054726243842374862411453093812206564914032751086643394517512161526545361333111314042436854805106765843493523836959653428071768775328348234345557366719731392746273629108210679280784718035329131176778924659089938635459327894523777674406192240337638674004021330343297496902028328145933418826817683893072003634795623117103101291953169794607632737589253530772552375943788434504067715555779056450443016640119462580972216729758615026968443146952034614932291105970676243268515992834709891284706740862008587135016260312071903172086094081298321581077282076353186624611278245537208532365305775956430072517744315051539600905168603220349163222640885248852433158051534849622434848299380905070483482449327453732624567755879089187190803662058009594743150052402532709746995318770724376825907419939632265984147498193609285223945039707165443156421328157688908058783183404917434556270520223564846495196112460268313970975069382648706613264507665074611512677522748621598642530711298441182622661057163515069260029861704945425047491378115154139941550671256271197133252763631939606902895650288268608362241082050562430701794976171121233066073310059947366875N

완성!

tips/clojure/fibonacci.1368628181.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/02/04 14:26 (external edit)